Acadian-Cajun Genealogy & History
New Brunswick
Though the main section of Nova Scotia is often considered "Acadia", the SE and NE coast of New Brunswick (and up some rivers) was also considered to be Acadia.  In fact, the first "Acadian" settlement was actually at New Brunswick.
1604 to 1714
     In 1604, the first settlers wintered at St. Croix Island.  Though they moved to Port Royal in the spring, several settlements sprang up along the New Brunswick coastline.  Fishermen like Denys stayed on the north shore.  Those dealing with the fur trade set up at the St. John River.   
1715 to 1755
     Though the Treaty of Utrecht gave Acadia to the English, the French tried to say that it only consisted of the peninsular part of Nova Scotia.  The English also claimed the New Brunswick area.  The matter would be debated about till 1763. Many Acadians moved to the New Brunswick area, especially as English pressure mounted in the 1740s and 1750s.  The most populous location of Acadians was just west of Beaubassin, around Petitcoudiac, Chipouday, and Memramcook.
1755 to 1763
     Hundreds of Acadians tried to settle in New Brunwick to escape the deportation.  For many, conditions were as bad for them as they were for those exiled Acadians.  Many died due to the weather and sickness.  The English captured many and sent them to Halifax to be deported.  Some managed to hide or escape capture for the duration of the war.  
1763 to the Present
     With the end of the war, New Brunswick became English territory.  Still, Acadians settled down in several areas of New Brunswick.  They primarily settled along the northeastern shore and the Madawaska area (that extended into Maine) on the St. John River.
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Acadia: 1632-1653 * 1654-1670 * 1671-1689 * 1690-1709 * 1710-1729 * 1730-1748 * 1749-1758
May God bless you.
Copyright © 1997-09 Tim Hebert