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Nantes

 
 
    In 1775, about 1400 Acadians moved from the failed settlement attempt at Poitou and traveled to the area around Nantes.  This would be their home for the next decade.  Most of the Acadians left for Louisiana in 1785.
Before Nantes
     In 1772, the marquis Perusse des Cars gave the Acadians some of his land to farm.  But the 1500 Acadians who migrated to the Poitou area found sterile soil and no housing.  They had to pay high rent prices in nearby villages.  By 1775, the "La Ligne Acadienne" settlement (as it was called) decided to call it quits.  Francois Roux has a section of his site (in French) on the Acadian Poitou settlement.  Some of the pages are on books on the subject, a document on the settlement by Ernest Martin, and more. 
     Almost all of the Acadians moved to Nantes, and only 160 were left in the area by the following year.  There were 4 convoys to Chatellerault.  The lists can be found in The Acadians in France, Vol. 1 (Milton & Norma Reider).  Francois Roux also has them [1st convoy, 2nd convoy, 3rd convoy, 4th convoy] online at his website. 
Acadians in Nantes: 1775-1785
The biggest concentration of Acadians in France for the next 10 years would be at Nantes. Gerard Braud has produced a couple of book on the Acadians in Nantes.  His From Nantes to Louisiana is a small paperback that has also been translated into English.  It is more of a narrative of the story.  Another book he recently produced, Les Acadiens en France: Nantes et Paimboeuf, 1775-1785, contains thousands of people in hundreds of family groups.  It is printed in French and English. 
     By now, the successful settlement of Acadians in Louisiana was old news.  Talk began of migrating there also.  But the main concern of the Acadians for the next decade was providing for themselves. 
    
Departure to Louisiana
     About 1783, a Frenchman named Henri Peyroux de la Coudreniere returned to France from Louisiana.  With the help of the Acadian cobbler Olivier Theriot, he worked on recruiting Acadians to move to Louisiana.  At first, France wasn’t cooperative.  After all, Louisiana was now a Spanish colony.  But they finally worked out an agreement in late 1784 and about 1600 Acadians sailed for Louisiana in seven ships in 1785. Six of the ships left from the Nantes/Paimboeuf area.  Another, La Ville d'Archangel, left from St. Malo.  More information on the ships can be found in the Cajun History section. 
THE DEPARTURE OF THE ACADIANS FROM NANTES by Robert Dafford
THE DEPARTURE OF THE ACADIANS FROM NANTES by Robert Dafford
1786 =>
     So there were still Acadians at Nantes after the last of the seven ships left.  Since the French government saw the success of the migration and stopped the immigration of more Acadians, they were there to stay.  Those Acadians who stayed in France became assimilated for the most part. 

     A couple of modern day organizations with ties to the Acadians in Nantes are:
          • Bretagne-Acadie-Louisiane
          • L'Association Regionale de l'Ouest des Amities Acadiennes (Nantes) 

     The best printed treatment of Acadians in France during 1758 to 1785 can be found in Oscar Winzerling's Acadian Odyssey (1955).

LINKS
 • Welcome to Nantes
 • Nantes
 • Life in Nantes
 • The City of Nantes
 • L'Acadie (at www.Mairie-Nantes.fr)
  
The 1755 Exile
The 1758 Exile
The "End" of the Exile
Exile Destinations
England | Quebec | New Brunswick | Prince Edward Island | Nova Scotia | France
St. Domingue | Martinique | French Guiana | Falkland Islands | St. Pierre & Miquelon | Louisiana
American Colonies
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