Acadian-Cajun Genealogy & History » French  
Exile Destination: Liverpool, England [via Virginia]
 
 
     The 336 Acadians that arrived at Liverpool were put up in the old potters' workshops.  A few months after arriving the Acadians were placed in a certain area of each port, except at Falmouth where they were scattered around.  The commissioner over the Acadians at Liverpool was named Langton.  The govt. gave them 6 cents (3 cents for children under 7) a day, and $1.20 a year for lodging.
     We find a few records of Acadians in the parish of St. Mary at Wooten, Liverpool.  In addition to some baptisms, there are 2 marriage records: Etienne Darois & Francoise Trahan (Jan. 15, 1758) and Pierre Trahan & Marguerite Duon (May 9, 1758).  They can be found in V. 9 (p. 251-273) of London's Catholic Record Society.  Also see Cahier 32, Societe Historique Acadienne, V. 4, No. 2, 1971 in "Le sejour des Acadiens en Angleterre et leurs traces dans les archives britanniques" by Regis S. Brun.
     On Sept. 2, 1762, France sent a minister to negotiate an end to the Seven Years’ War.  He was Louis Jules Barbon Mancini Mazarani, Duke of Nivernois, Grandee of Spain, Knight of the King, Peer of France.  The Acadians decided to go to him for help.  They enlisted Normand Duplessis (a French pilot from Le Havre, who’d been ransomed from England by M. de la Touche of Martinique), who could write.  Although he promised to write up the story of their suffereings and give it to Nivernois, he bailed out at the last minute when the English commissioner talked him into becoming a British subject.
     So the Acadians at Liverpool went ahead anyway, though it was difficult since Langton censored everything they wrote or received.  John Turney, and Irishman who’d married an Acadian, volunteered to take the letter to Nivernois.  His wife had lost her subsidy when they married, and John wasn’t considered a part of the Acadian community.  He agreed to make the trip if he would be allowed to join the Acadians.  They agreed and raised $20 for his expenses.  
    The letter told of their story.  It also mentioned the English offer (that the govt. had circulated) that if they took the English oath, they would be returned to full possession of their homes in Nova Scotia.  England have them 18-24 months to decide.  The Acadians had written to the minister of marine, but Langton wouldn’t let them mail it.  Despite his efforts to convert them to English subjects, they said “We wish to live under the rule of His Most Christian Majesty for whom we are ready to shed our blood.”   They asked for the ambassador’s protection.  Nivernois was moved by their petition. [“Memoire,” Correspondance politique Angleterre, CDXLIX, f. 343-347, Archives des Affaires Étrangères]
ACADIAN REFUGEES: LIVERPOOL, ENGLAND by Robert DaffordAcadian Prisoners of War (in England) by Robert Dafford
          He thought that the king ought to rescue these patriotic subjects.  In late October 1762 he wrote to Etienne Francois (Duke of Choiseul, France’s foreign minister) that the Acadians could be useful in populating France’s colonies.  He also began talks with the English prime minister (Lord George Grenville) on Dec. 11, 1762 about freeing the 300 Acadian prisoners in England.  Meanwhile, while negotions were ongoing with Grenville, Nivernois had sent his personal secretary (de la Rochette) to visit the Acadians at Liverpool to learn about their experiences since Acadia.  He sent word to them, via La Rochette, that he had personally told the king of their sufferings and loyalty.  The king had been moved and wanted to bring them back to France, and (after peace) give them farm land in the most beautiful provinces and financial help to rebuild what they lost.  He promised that France would treat them better than they could hope for.
      He also sent word assuring the Acadians full protection.  But he told them not to publicize that fact.
     Thirdly, he wanted the Acadians to give La Rochette all of the details on them and Acadians in other ports.  La Rochette left for Liverpool on Dec. 26, 1762.
     Meanwhile, in Canada, Vaudreuil presented Amherst with 55 proposed articles of peace.  Article 39 stated that the French in Canada must not be deported to England or the English colonies.  Amherst wrote in the margin, “Agreed, except as regards the Acadians.”  Article 54 guaranteed a safe return to officers, militiamen, and Acadian prisoners in New England to their respective countries.   Again, Amherst wrote in the margin, “Accepted; but with reservation to the Acadians.”
     On Jan. 20, 1763, Louis XV refused to sign the armistice unless Amherst allowed the Acadians to return to Canada or to France.  He said no to Canada, but yielded to France.  [Les negociations pour la paix,” Correspondance politique Angleterre, CDXLIX, f. 151-155, Archives des Affaires Étrangères]
      La Rochette arrived at Liverpool on Dec. 31, 1762.  He quietly went to the Acadian prison quarters.  He had them assemble to pass along Nivernois’ message.  
p. 28
     He told them of the king’s concern and the promise to give them financial help and farm lands in any province they chose.  The broke out in shouts of “Long live the King.”  Though he tried to contain them (the English neighbors grew concerned), their excitement couldn’t be contained.  
 They were besides themselves, clapping, raising their hands, hitting the walls, and crying like children.  ["Memoire,” Correspondance politique Angleterre, 1763, CDXLIX, f. 345, Archives des Affaires Étrangères] 
      After they had calmed down, he recorded their story.
     Langton saw the Acadians drop from 336 to 224.  He promised them work after the war if they’d become British subjects.  In early December 1762, he told them that France had abandoned them; if they became British subjects, the king would send them back to Acadian and give them their homes, farms, and livestock back.  Still, they said “we are French, and the king of France must decide our fate.”  After this, Langton looked upon them as rebels.  He threatened imprisonment and reduction of pay.  Then he turned to attacking their faith.  He told their chaplain (a Scottish priest) that he would be appointed parochial dean of all the Catholic villages in Acadia if got the Acadians to take the oath.  The chaplain began to give sermons to get them to do so.  This resulted in 54 Acadians (almost all old men) to volunteer to return to Acadia, though they refused to put it in writing.  Most of the Acadians, however, thought the sermons “were scandalous.”
     Duplessis argued against accepting the offer of returning to Acadia.  He said he’d bring the petition to Nivernois.  Then he himself was convinced and became a British subject!
     Langton suspection La Rochette’s intentions.  He began trying to scare the Acadians.  He told them that La Rochette and his men wouldn’t show their credentials because they meant to deceive the Acadians.  They were actually trying to get the Acadians to send them to France’s tropical colonies.  If the heat didn’t kill them, the fact that France probably wouldn’t help them financially would.
      In any case, the Liverpool Acadians elected 2 representatives to go to Nivernois, and they left under cover of darkness to go to the French embassy in London.  The delegates had the power to accept or reject any offer.
     During the discussion, the definitely wanted an answer to a specific question ... would France claim them as her subjects?  They were even willing to give up their subsidy.  Assured of this, they told Nivernois about 600 more exiles in Southampton, Falmouth, and Bristol.  
     Learning of these other Acadians, Nivernois sent word for La Rochette to visit them (secretly again) to carry the same message.  Since his trip was in secret, he again could not show his credentials.
     When the plan for resettlement in France was approved, the surviving Acadians sailed to Morlaix, France aboard the king's gabarre L'Esturgeon, captained by Belon, on June 7, 1763.  They were:
1 - Honore LeBlanc 
      Marie LeBlanc 
      Agathe LeBlanc 
      Paul LeBlanc 
      Joseph LeBlanc 
      Raymond LeBlanc
 2 - Charles LeBlanc 
      Anne LeBlanc 
      Marie LeBlanc
 3 - Angelique LaPierre 
      Charles LaPierre 
      Marie Tarsille LaPierre
 4 - Jean LeBlanc 
      Françoise LeBlanc 
      Alexis LeBlanc 
      Charles LeBlanc 
      Marguerite LeBlanc
 5 - Pierre LeBlanc 
      Francoise LeBlanc 
      Marguerite LeBlanc 
      Isabelle LeBlanc
 6 - Alexandre Aucoin 
      Elisabeth Aucoin 
      Marie Joseph Aucoin 
      Anne Aucoin
 7 - Rene Trahan 
      Anne Trahan 
      Raphael Trahan 
      Pierre Tibaut
 8 - Cyprien Duon 
      Marguerite Duon 
      Jean Baptiste Duon 
      Joseph Duon 
      Marguerite Duon
 9 - Marie Rose Landry 
      Madeleine Landry 
      Marie Josephe Landry 
      Genevieve LaLande (orphan)
 10 - Pierre Trahan 
       Marguerite Trahan 
       Marie Trahan 
       Genevieve Trahan 
       Jean Trahan
 11 - Claude Pitre 
       Madeleine Pitre 
       Paul Trahan 
       Jean Baptiste Benoit
 12 - Joseph Trahan 
       Anne Trahan 
       Madeleine Trahan 
       Paul Trahan 
       Jean Joseph Trahan
 13 - Isidore Trahan 
       Madeleine Trahan 
       Jacques Trahan 
       Jean Baptiste Trahan 
       Madeleine Trahan 
       Catherine Trahan
 14 - Alexandre Trahan 
       Marie Trahan 
       Isabelle Trahan 
       Anastasie Trahan 
       Thomas Trahan 
       Alexandre Trahan
 15 - Pierre Hebert 
       Marie Hebert 
       Gertrude Hebert
 16 - Pierre Saunier 
       Elisabeth Saunier 
       Marguerite Saunier
 17 - Joseph LeBlanc 
       Marie LeBlanc 
       Blanche LeBlanc 
       Desire LeBlanc
 18 - Jean Baptiste Trahan 
       Elisabeth Trahan 
       Jean Charles Trahan 
       Joseph Trahan 
       Marie Trahan 
       Rosalie Trahan 
       Anne Trahan
19 - Amand LeJeune 
       Anastasie LeJeune 
       Jean LeJeune
       Joseph LeJeune
 20 - Joachim Trahan 
       Marie Trahan 
       Blanche Trahan 
       Joseph Trahan 
       Simon Trahan 
       Paul Landry (orphan) 
       Pierre Trahan
 21 - Joseph LeBlanc 
       Agnes LeBlanc 
       Jean LeBlanc 
       Osite LeBlanc
 22 - Felix Boudrot 
       Marie Joseph Boudrot 
       Felicite Boudrot
 23 - Pierre Richard 
       Jean Ignace Richard 
       Jean Charles Richard 
       Catherine Richard 
       Brigitte Richard 
       Simon Richard
 24 - Amable Hebert 
       Anne Marie Hebert 
       Isabelle Hebert
 25 - Marie Anastasie Tibaudot 
       Joseph Tibaudot 
       Marguerite Tibaudot 
       Madeleine Tibaudot 
       Marie Tibaudot
 26 - Francois Eloy Tibaudot 
       Anne Tibaudot
 27 - Marguerite Joseph Vincent 
       Pierre Vincent
 28 - Pierre Saunier 
       Dorothdee Saunier 
       Charles Saunier 
       Joseph Saunier 
       Etienne Saunier 
       Marie Saunier 
       Jean Saunier
 29 - Joseph Hebert 
       Anne Hebert 
       Antoine Hebert 
       Pierre Hebert
 30 - Honore Duon 
       Anne Duon 
       Marie Duon 
       Anne Duon
 31 - Jean LaBauve 
       Barthelemy LaBauve 
       Marie LaBauve
 32 - Silvestre Trahan 
       Ursule Trahan 
       Joseph Trahan 
       Mathurin Trahan 
       Jean Charles Trahan 
       Romain Trahan 
       Simon Trahan
 33 - Pierre Trahan 
       Madeleine Trahan
 34 - Louis Trahan 
       Marguerite Trahan 
       Paul Trahan 
       Marin Trahan 
       Cecile Trahan 
       Philippe Trahan 
       Marie Blanche Trahan
 35 - Etienne Daroy 
       Madeleine Daroy 
       Isabelle Daroy 
       Simon Daroy
 36 - Marie Prince 
       Marie Barbe Prince 
       Isabelle Anne Prince 
       Marine Ludovine Prince
 37 - Gabriel Maurau 
       Marie Maurau 
       Anne Maurau 
       Maximin Maurau
 38 - Alexis Trahan 
       Marguerite Trahan 
       Pierre Trahan 
       Marie Trahan
 39 - Honore Joseph Trahan 
       Marguerite Trahan 
       Marguerite Trahan 
       Marie Trahan 
       Paul Trahan
 40 - Tranquille Prince 
       Marie Joseph Prince 
       Madeleine Prince 
       Isabelle Prince 
       Marguerite Prince 
       Joseph Prince
 41 - Anne LeBlanc 
       Marguerite LeBlanc 
       Joseph LeBlanc 
       Anastasie LeBlanc 
       Modeste LeBlanc
 42 - Jean Baptiste Trahan 
       Madeleine Trahan 
       Jean Trahan 
       Isabelle Trahan
 43 - Paul LeBer 
       Madeleine LeBer 
       Pierre LeBer 
       Marguerite LeBer 
       Marie Joseph LeBer 
       Jean Baptiste LeBer 
       Joachim LeBer 
       Charles LaLande
 44 - Jean Baptiste Hebert 
       Anne Hebert 
       Anne Hebert 
       Marie Hebert 
       Isabelle Hebert
 45 - Pascal Hebert 
       Francoise Hebert
 46 - Alain Hebert 
       Francoise Hebert 
       Firmin Hebert 
       Isabelle Hebert 
       Paul Hebert
 47 - Joseph Olivier Hebert 
       Anne Hebert 
       Scolastique Hebert 
       Marie Hebert 
       Ursule Hebert
 48 - Jean Hebert 
       Esther Hebert
 49 - Madeleine Hebert 
       Jean Hebert 
       Marguerite Hebert
 50 - Antoine Boutarit 
       Marie Boutarit
 51 - Bernard Merant 
       Marie Merant
 52 - Guillaume Montet 
       Marie Montet
 53 - Jean Tyrney 
       Madeleine Tyrney

There was also a Jean Landry that ran off and deserted.

     There is another list by George Langton, who brought the 'prisoners of war' to the ship.  It is of the same date (June 7).  This list gives a slightly different account, and has ages.
The 1755 Exile
The 1758 Exile
The "End" of the Exile
Exile Destinations
England | Quebec | New Brunswick | Prince Edward Island | Nova Scotia | France
St. Domingue | Martinique | French Guiana | Falkland Islands | St. Pierre & Miquelon | Louisiana
American Colonies
Connecticut | Georgia | Maryland | Massachusetts | New York | Pennsylvania | South Carolina
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