The HEBERT Family
HEBERT Exiles in France: 1758-1785

    Although a few Acadians were sent to Nantes when the English attacked Port Royal in 1710, the first movement of Acadians back to France came in 1758. The first wave of deportations begun in 1755 send the Acadians to American colonies (where some were forwarded to England and other territories). When Louisbourg fell in 1758, the last French stronghold in Acadia was gone. Another mass deportation of Acadians on Ile Royale, Ile St. Jean, and on the mainland (New Brunswick area) were sent directly to France. The voyage was marked by a high number of deaths. Two of the ships, the Violet and the Duke William, sank at sea. In early 1759, the Acadians disembarked at the French port town of St. Malo. Many stayed in that area, though others moved to attempted settlements.  In 1763, the surviving Acadians in England were transported to the port towns of northwestern France.
     For more details on what was happening, visit the Acadian History website.

Censuses/Lists of HEBERTS
HEBERTs in the 1762 Census of Acadians in France
     From 1762 to 1773, the French kept "welfare" records of the Acadians, who were being supported by the government. For the first French listing of Acadians, in 1762, we are dealing with exiles from the 1758 deportation. The census lists the families by their locations and lists the ship that brought them to France. Other details are also given.
HEBERTs in the 1772 Census of Acadians in France
     The port of St. Malo saw a number of Acadians arrive in 1758 (from Acadia), in 1763 (from England), in 1778 (from St. Pierre & Miquelon), and various other times.. The families listed here lived in that area for some time.
HEBERTs on the 4 Convoys to Chatellerault: 1775-1776
      From 1775 to 1776, four convoys left Chatellerault for Nantes.  These Acadians were from the failed settlement attempt at Poitou.
HEBERTs at the Poitou settlement  [la Ligne Acadienne]
     In 1773, 57 homes were built on the Marquis De Perusse des Cars' property near Archigny, La Puye, and St Pierre de Maillé. About 1500 Acadians were to settle the area, but the land proved too difficult to farm and most moved to Nantes until leaving for Louisiana.
HEBERTs at Belle-Isle-en-Mer
      In 1765, Etienne Francois, duc de Choiseul Stainville settled some 78 families of Acadians on Belle Isle en Mer.  Due to livestock epidemics, crop failure, drought, and local resistance the colony failed in 7 years. 
Church Records of HEBERTs
HEBERTs at Cherbourg
      Some of the Acadians from the 1758 exile and from England made their way to La Havre.
HEBERTs in the St. Malo area
     When the Acadian exiles arrived at St. Malo in 1759, many of them stayed nearby for years.  They were joined in 1763 by some of the Acadians that had been held in England. 
HEBERTs at La Havre
      Some of the Acadians from the 1758 exile and from England made their way to La Havre.
HEBERTs at La Rochelle
      Some of the Acadians migrated to the port city of La Rochelle in the 1770s.
HEBERTs at Lorient, Quimper, Rochefort, & Bourdeaux
      Some of the Acadians made their way to other port towns.
HEBERTs at Morlaix
      Some of the Acadians from the 1758 exile and from England made their way to La Havre.
HEBERTs at Nantes
      When the settlement at Poitou failed, the bulk of those Acadians traveled to Nantes.  They stayed in that area until 1785, when most left for Louisiana.

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