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Acadian Genealogy

The True Acadian Period: 1604-1755

 

SURNAMES

     By the time of the first census in 1671, there were 47 Acadian surnames (that left descendants).  Many of today's Acadian-Cajuns go back to these families.  These earliest Acadian settlers to leave descendants are in the following table.

If you click on the name, you will be taken to a page dedicated to that surname. Each page has an outline descendant list of up to the first 6 generations of that surname.

Acadian Surnames in the 1671 Census
AUCOIN BOURGEOIS DAIGLE GIROUARD MARTIN RIMBAUT
BABIN BREAU d'ENTREMONT GRANGER MELANCON ROBICHAU
BELIVEAU BRUN DOUCET GUILBAUT MORIN SAVOIE
de BELLISLE CAISSY DUGAS HEBERT PELLERIN TERRIAU
BERTRAND COMEAU DUPEUX LANDRY PETITPAS THIBODEAU
BLANCHARD CORMIER FORET LANOUE PITRE TRAHAN
BOUDREAU CORPORON GAUDET LATOUR POIRIER VINCENT
BOURG CYR GAUTEROT LEBLANC RICHARD

Some of these, such as Aucoin, Blanchard, Boudreau, Bourg, Breau, Comeau, Gaudet, Girouard, Hebert, LaTour, Martin, and Terriau, had already branched off into 2 or more families. Also, there were some surnames where the family either moved, died off, or left no male sons to pass on the surname, such as Poulet, Gougeon, Labatte, Pesseley, LeFebvre, and Blou. Though not on the census, there were also LaTours and Bellisles (LeBorgnes) in Acadia.
   

It seems that 60 more colonists (55 men, 5 women) arrived in 1671. Since only 36 new surnames appear in the 1686 census, some of them may have left Acadia by that time.  In addition, 6 of the names that appeared in the 1686 census never showed up again; these 6 names are: Cochu, Cottard, Desorcis, Dubreuil, Fardel, and Martil.  Here are the 30 surnames that appear in the 1686 census and apparently stayed for a while.
   
"New" Acadian Surnames in the 1686 Census
ARSENAULT BENOIT GAREAU LABAUVE LEPRINCE MIRANDE
AUBIN-MIGNAULT BERGERON GODIN
  DIT CHATILLON
LAGASSE LEVRON PINET
BARILLOT BLOU GOURDEAU LAVALLEE LORT PREJEAN
BASTARACHE BROUSSARD HENRY LAPIERRE MERCIER RIVET
BELLEFONTAINE DOUARON LABARRE LAPIERRE 
  DIT LAROCHE
MICHEL TOURANGEAU

From 1686 to 1710, less than 100 new colonists came to Acadia.  Most were soldiers who had been stationed in the area.  The 1714 census shows 77 new names in Acadia.

Additional names that join the Acadian communities include:

"New" Acadian Surnames in the 1714 Census
ALARD  CARRE DUMONT LAMONTAGNE MAISONNAT SAINT-SCENE
ALLAIN CHAMPAGNE DUPUIS LANGLOIS MANCEAU SAMSON
BABINEAU CHAUVERT EMMANUEL LAURIER MOUTON SAVARY
BARNABE CHIASSON L'ESPERANCE LAVERGNE MOYSE SIMON
BEAUMONT CLEMENCEAU GENTIL LEBASQUE NUIRAT SURETTE
BERNARD COSSE GOUSILLE LEBRETON OLIVIER THIBEAU
BIDEAU DAMBOUE GUERIN LEGER ONDY TOUSSAINT
BLONDIN DAROIS HERPIN LEMAISTRE PARIS VECO
BOISSEAU DENIS JASMIN LEMARQUIS PARISIEN VIGNEAU DIT MAURICE
BOUCHER DESAULNIERS LAFONT LESSOILE POTHIER VILATTE
BOUTIN DEVAUX LALANDE LONGUEPEE RAYMOND VOYER
BRETON DONAT LALIBERTE LYONNAIS ROSSETTE YVON
CADET DUBOIS LAMBERT MAILLARD ROY

DIT NAMES

     Sometimes a person would take on another name, based on where they were from, their job, a friend or relative's name, etc.  One case in which this happened is with Roger Caissy.  Some of his descendants used the surname Caissy dit Roger.  Somewhere down the line, some of his descendants used the Roger part and just disregarded the Caissy part.  So you have the Cajun surname Roger that actually descends from Caissy.  Other descendants continued using the Caissy name.  Bob Quintin wrote a book on the subject, The "Dit" Name: French-Canadian Surnames -- Aliases, Adulterations, and Anglicizations in 1993.  It covers 33,000+ dit names.  It also talks about how some French names were turned into their English equivalents ... LeBlanc became White, Doiron became Gold, etc.

    A list of Acadian names at the time of the Exile was compiled by Ms. Brenda Dunn, of the Canadian Parks Service for the Grand Pre National Historic Site. This list may not be complete. For example, it lists only one variation of some names (Benoit dit Labriere, Hebert dit Manuel, etc.), when the original name is much more common (but left out).

According to the 2000 U.S. Census, some of the most common Acadian surnames (in the U.S.) today are as follows.  The number shows the rank (ie. the most common surname, SMITH, is #1, etc.) relative to all surnames.

RANK
SURNAME
19
MARTIN
583
RICHARD
769
LEBLANC
783
HEBERT
830
LANDRY
862
BLANCHARD
1668
BERGERON
1646
GUIDRY
2191
BOUDREAUX
2416
DAIGLE
2600
BOURGEOIS
2420
TRAHAN
2930
THIBODEAUX
4685
DUGAS
5146
MELANCON
5840
ARCENEAUX
6758
GAUDET
6831
MELANSON
9603
ROBICHAUD
10178
GIROUARD
10890
FORET
10909
BOURG
12231
Robichaux

NOTE: Some names (MARTIN, RICHARD, etc.) are not purely of Acadian descent.Also, this isn't a complete list; I've left some out.

 

 

 

 

Acadian Surnames at the Time of the Deportations
Abbadie, de Saint-Castin d'     
Allain 
Amirault dit Tourangeau   
Angou dit Choisy                
Apart 
Arcement 
Arnaud 
Arosteguy 
Arceneau 
Aubois 
Aucoin 
Ayot
Babin 
Babineau dit Deslauriers 
Barillot 
Barolet 
Bastarache dit (Le) Basque 
Bastien 
Belliveau dit Bideau 
          dit Blondin
Belou 
Benoit dit Labriere
Bergereau
Bergeron d'Amboise
         dit Nantes
Bernard
Berrier dit Machefer
Bertaud dit Montaury
Bertrand
Bezier dit Touin
       dit Lariviere
Blanchard
Blanchard dit Gentilhomme
Bodard
Boisseau dit Blondin
Bonnevie dit Beaumont
Bonniere
Borel
Boucher dit Desroches
Boudrot
Bourg
Bourgeois
Boutin
Brassaud
Brasseur dit Mathieu
Breau
Broussard
Brun
Bugaret
Bugeaud
Buisson
Buote
Buteau

Cahouet 
Caissy dit Roger 
Calve dit Laforge 
Carre  
Celestin dit Bellemere 
Cellier dit Normand 
Chauvet 
Chenet dit Dubreuil 
Chesnay dit Lagarenne 
Chiasson dit La Vallee 
Chouteau dit Manseau 
Clemenceau 
Cloistre 
Coignac 
Comeau 
Cormier dit Bossigaol 
        dit Thierry
Corne 
Corporon 
Coste  
Coitard 
Cousin 
Crepaux
Creysac dit Toulouse 
Cyr
Daigre 
D'Amours de Chauffours 
         de Chignancour 
         de Frencuse 
         de Louviere 
         de Plaine 
Daniel 
Darois
David dit Pontif 
Delisle 
Denis 
Denys de Fransac 
Derayer 
Deschamps dit Cloche 
Desgoutins 
Desmoillons 
Despres 
Deveau dit Dauphine 
Dingle 
Doiron
Domine dit Saint Sauveur
Doucet dit Laverdure
       dit Lirlandois
       dit Mayard
Druce
Dubois
Dubois dit Dumont
Dufaut
Dugas
Duguay
Duon dit Lyonnais
Duplessis
Dupuis
Egan
Flan
Fontaine dit Beaulieu
Forest
Forton
Fougere
Fournier
Froiquingont
Gadrau
Galerne
Galle
Garceau dit Boutin
        dit Richard
        dit Tranchemontagne
Gareau
Gaudet
Gauterot
Gauthier
Gentil
Giboire Duverge dit Lamotte 
Girouard
Gise dit Desrosiers
Godin dit Beausejour
      dit Bellefeuille
      dit Bellefontaine
      dit Boisjoli
      dit Catalogne
      dit Chatillon
      dit Lincour
      dit Preville
      dit Valcour
Gosselin
Gourdeau
Gousman
Gouzille
Grandmaison 
     (Terriot dit Guillot dit) Granger Gravois Grosvalet Guedry dit Grivois       dit Labine       dit Labrador       dit Laverdure Gueguen Guenard Guerin Guerin dit Laforge Guy dit Tintamarre Guyon
Hache dit Gallant
Hamel
Hamet
Hamon
Hebert dit Manuel
Helys dit Nouvelle
Henry dit Robert
Hensaule
Heon
Heuse
Hugon
Jeanson
Joseph
Kimine
LaBarre
Labat, dit Le Marquis, de
LaBauve
LaChaume
LaCroix
LaLande dit Bonappetit
Lambert
Lambourt
Landron
Landry
Langlois
Lanoue
LaPierre dit La Roche 
LaVache 
Lavergne 
LaVigne 
Lebert dit Jolycoeur
LeBlanc
LeBlanc dit Jasmin
LeBorgne de Belisle
LeClerc dit Laverdure
Lecul
Leger dit La Rozette
LeJeune dit Briard
LeJuge
LeMarquis dit Clermont
LeMire
LeNeuf de Beaubassin
       de Boisneuf
       de LaValliere
L'Enfant
LePoupet de Saint Aubin
LePrieur dit Dubois
LePrince
Leroy
L'Eschevin dit Billy
LeVanier dit Langevin
Levasseur dit Chamberlange
Levron dit Nantois
Loiseau
Long
Longuepee
Loppinot
Lord dit LaMontagne
Lucas
Maffier
Maillet
Maisonnat dit Baptiste
Malboeuf
Mangeant dit Saint Germain
Marcadet
Marchand dit Poitiers
Marres dit LaSonde 
Martel
Martin
Martin dit Barnabe
Masse
Massie
Mathieu
Maucaire
Mazerolle dit Saint Louis
Melanson dit Laverdure
         dit LaRamee
Mercier dit Caudebec
Messaguay
Meunier
Michel dit LaRuine
Migneau dit Aubin
Mignier dit Lagasse
Mirande
Mius d'Azit
Mius d'Entremont de Plemarais
                 de Pobomcoup
Monmellian dit Saint Germain
Mordant
Morin dit Boucher
Morpain
Moulaison dit Rencontre
Mouton
Moyse dit Latreille
Naquin dit L'Etoile
Nogues
Nuirat
Olivier
Onel (O'Neale)
Orillon dit Champagne
Oudy
Ozelet
Part
Pellerin
Petitot dit Saint Sceine
Petitpas
Pichot
Picot
Pincer
Pinet
Pitre dit Marc
Poirier
Poitevin dit Cadieux
         dot Parisien
Poitier
Porlier
Poujet dit Lapierre
Poupart
Prejean dit LeBreton
Pretieux
Pugnant dit Destouches
Racois dit Desrosiers
Raymond
Renaud dit Provencal
Richard
Richard dit Sansoucy
        dit Beaupre
        dit Boutin
        dit Lafont
Rimbeau
Rivet
Robichaud dit Cades
          dit Niganne
          dit Prudent
Rodohan
Rodrigue dit deFonds
Rousse dit Languedoc
Roy dit LaLiberte
Rullier
Saindon
Saint Etienne de LaTour, de
Saint Julien de LaChaussee, de
Samson
Saulnier dit Lacouline
Sauvage dit Forgeron
        dit Chrystophe
Savary
Savoie
Semer
Serreau de Saint Aubin
Sicot
Simon dit Boucher
Soulard
Soulevent
Surette
Tandau
Terriot
Testard dit Parish
Thebeau
Thibault
Thibodeau
Tillard
Tourneur
Toussaint dit Lajeunesse
Trahan
Triel dit LaPerriere
Turcot
Turpin dit LaGiroflee
Vallois
Vescot
Viger
Vigneau dit Maurice
Villatte
Vincent dit Clement
Voyer
Census Records       Church Records       Notarial Records       Compiled Works       Surnames
Copyright © 1997-09 Tim Hebert






1990 Census Results
RANK
SURNAME
16
MARTIN
506
RICHARD
683
LEBLANC
695
LANDRY
742
BLANCHARD
779
HEBERT
1216
BERGERON
1590
GUIDRY
1976
BOUDREAUX
1989
BOURGEOIS
2049
DAIGLE
2441
TRAHAN
2678
BOURQUE
2930
THIBODEAUX
3571
MELANCON
4312
FORET
4452
DUGAS
5865
MELANSON
6049
ARCENEAUX
6294
ROBICHAUD
6522
ROBICHAUX
7212
GAUDET
7226
BOURG
10225
GIROUARD