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Exile Destination: French Guiana

In 1762, the officials of French Guianna and the Antilles (and later, St. Pierre and Micquelon) were told to recruit colonists. Though colonists were found for the Antilles, finding people to settle Guiana proved much more troublesome. The Acadians feared the harsh tropical climate. So the officials offered bigger incentives and tried to find recruits in other countries. The results were better than expected, with thousands of Germans volunteering for the trip. 

Starting in 1763, thousands of settlers began arriving at the colony. Eventually, some Acadians submitted to the offer. Suggestions (and incentives) were made for ships to bring Acadian exiles (in the American colonies) to the colony. Hundreds of Acadians made their way to the colony from France. There were even 100 Acadians who left Miquelon in 1765 and sailed to Cayenne, Guiana. The arriving settlers found that things were not running smoothly. Upon reaching the colony, many died of disease while awaiting transportation to their settlements. There were too many people arriving too fast. The colony wasn’t prepared to handle the 9000 settlers that had arrived by 1765. In addition, the officials in France were not supporting the colony financially. 

Faced with the bleak prospects, thousands of colonists returned to France. By the late 1780’s, there was only one Acadian family in the colony. The 1794 census does not show a single Acadian name. 

          Father Hebert's book, Acadians in Exile, has church records of Acadians in the colony and a couple of censuses.
The 1755 Exile
The 1758 Exile
The "End" of the Exile
Exile Destinations
England | Quebec | New Brunswick | Prince Edward Island | Nova Scotia | France
St. Domingue | Martinique | French Guiana | Falkland Islands | St. Pierre & Miquelon | Louisiana
American Colonies
Connecticut | Georgia | Maryland | Massachusetts | New York | Pennsylvania | South Carolina
Copyright © 1997-09 Tim Hebert