Acadian-Cajun Genealogy & History

History Timeline of the Acadians Exile

Acadian History Timeline

1755
June 16
Fort Beasejour is captured
June 17
Fort Gaspareau is captured
July 3
Acadian representatives in Halifax refuse to take an unconditional oath of allegiance
July 13
Lawrence writes to Lt. Col. Monckton suggesting an Acadian deportation
July 15
Lawrence and the council decide to deport Acadians that refuse to take the unconditional oath of allegiance.  Over the next week, Acadians discuss their response to the oath.
July 25
When the Acadian representatives in Halifax refuse to take the oath, they are imprisoned on St. Georges Island.
July 28
The council begins securing ships for the deportation.
July 31
Lawrence gives directives to Lt. Col. Monckton on deporting the Acadians.
August 11
Lawrence sends a letter to the colonies informing them of his deportation plan. He also informed Maj. Handfield (Annapolis Royal) Col. Winslow (Grand Pre), and Capt. Murray (Pisiguit) that they are to burn the homes and destroy the fields.
Lt. Col. Monckton imprisons 400 Acadian males from the Chignectou area at Fort Cumberland (formerly Beausejour)
August 14
Col. Winslow and 300 men head to Grand Pre.
August 20
The first (8) ships arrive (at Chignectou) for the deportation.
September 4
An article in the Pennsylvania Gazette mentions that the expulsion of the French “will be one of the greatest things that ever the English did in America.”
September 5
At 3 pm in the afternoon, the men and boys of the Grand Pre area are called to the church at Grand Pre and those around Pisiguit are called to Fort Edward.  They are read the deportation order and held captive at the respective locations.
September 10
The first Acadians are put aboard ships at Chignecto (50 Acadians being held at Fort Cumberland) and Grand Pre (90 married men and 141 youth).
September 11
Lawrence orders Monckton to board the 160 married men of Chignecto whose families have not arrived, thus separating these families.
September 15
A census at the Grand Pre church counts 483 males, 527 male children, 337 married females, and 576 female children.
September 25
Winslow is informed that the Cobeguid Acadians have all headed to Ile St. Jean.
October 6
Winslow writes to the ship captains urging them to keep families together.  Still, the ships were so crowded that some families were separated.
October 13

The first ships leave Chignectou with Acadians bound for the colonies.
       Jolly Philip leaves for Georgia with ~120 Acadians
       Prince Frederick leaves for Georgia with ~280 Acadians
       Edward Cornwallis leaves for South Carolina with 417 Acadians (though 210 of them died en route)
       Dolphin leaves for South Carolina with 121 Acadians
       Endeavour leaves for South Carolina with 126 Acadians
       Syren leaves for South Carolina with 21 Acadians
       Two Brothers leaves for South Carolina with 132 Acadians
       Success leaves for South Carolina.
       They were escorted by the schooner Warren.
       The Boscowan left for Pennsylvania.
The Mermaid leaves Annapolis Royal for Massachusetts.
The York leaves Annapolis Royal for Massachusetts.

October 27
The first ship (the Helena) leaves Annapolis Royal for Massachusetts with 323 Acadians on board.
Fourteen ships left from the Minas area and join the eight Chignectou ships heading for the colonies.
       From Grand Pre:
              Elizabeth leaves for Maryland with 242 Acadians
              Leopard leaves for Maryland with 178 Acadians
              Sally and Molly leaves for Virginia with 154 Acadians
              Hannah leaves for Pennsylvania with 140 Acadians
              Swan leaves for Pennsylvania with 168 Acadians
              Seaflower leaves for Massachusetts with ~160 Acadians
       From Pisiguit:
              Dolphin leaves for Maryland with 230 Acadians
              Neptune leaves for Virginia with 207 Acadians
              Ranger leaves for Maryland with 208 Acadians
              Three Friends leaves for Pennsylvania with 156 Acadians
       From Pointe des Boudrot:
              Endeavour leaves for Virginia with 166 Acadians
              Industry leaves for Virginia with 177 Acadians
              Mary leaves for Virginia with 182 Acadians
              Prosperous leaves for Virginia with 152 Acadians
       Escorts:
              Nightingale, Halifax, Warren
November 5
Six of the ships reach Boston, where they sit out a storm.
November 9
The Endeavour and the Industry have arrived in Virginia.
November 13
The Mary, the Neptune, the Prosperous, and the Sally and Molly arrive in Virginia. 
November 15
The Seaflower arrives in Massachusetts.
Five ships arrive in South Carolina over the next 5 days: the Cornwallis, the Dolphin, the Endeavour, the Two Brothers, and the Syren
November 17
The Mermaid arrives in Massachusetts.
Mid November
The Jolly Philip and the Prince Frederick arrive in Georgia.
The Leopard and the Ranger arrive in Maryland.          
The Hannah, the Swan, and the Three Friends arrive in Pennsylvania.
November 29
The Helena arrives in Massachusetts.
November 30
The Dolphin and the Elizabeth arrive in Maryland.
December 2
Five additional deportation ships arrive at Grand Pre.
December 8
Seven ships leave Annapolis Royal for the colonies.  About 300 Acadians in the area escaped into the woods (and later went to the St. John River).
        Pembroke leaves for North Carolina with 232 Acadians
        Edward leaves for Connecticut with 287 Acadians
        Elizabeth leaves for Connecticut with 280 Acadians
        Experiment leaves for New York with 200 Acadians
        Hopson leaves with 342 Acadians
        Unnamed schooner leaves for South Carolina with 9 Acadians (1 family)
        Their escort is the Baltimore.
December 13
Two ships from the Minas area depart.
        Swallow leaves for Massachusetts with 236 Acadians
        Dove leaves for Connecticut with 114 Acadians
December 20
Two ships depart the Minas area.
        Racehorse leaves for Massachusetts with 120 Acadians
        Ranger leaves for Virginia with 112 Acadians
December 22
The Swallow arrives in Boston.
December 26
The Racehorse arrives in Boston.
The Prosperous finally arrived in Yorktown after stopping in North Carolina for repairs.
December 30
The Providence leaves Halifax with 50 Acadians and heads for North Carolina.
1756
January 8
The Pembroke arrives at the St. John River.  The passengers seize the ship and sail to Canada.
January 15
The Hopson arrives in South Carolina, though the passengers are not allowed to leave the shop till February 11.
January 20
The Ranger arrives in Virginia.
January 21
The Elizabeth and another ship (with 173 Acadians) arrive in Boston.
January 30
The Dove arrives in Connecticut.
March
200 Acadians get permission and boats and head north.
April 15
80 Acadians from Georgia leave South Carolina and continue heading north.
April 21
72 Acadians from Cap Sable are loaded on board the Mary to be sent to North Carolina.
May 3
The Experiment finally arrived in New York.  It had been blown off course to Antigua, where some of the passengers escaped.
May 10
The Mary arrives in Massachusetts.
Four ships (Bobby Goodridge, Virginia Packet, Fanny Bovey, Industry) carry the Acadians (originally sent to Virginia) to England.
May 11
The Acadians deported from Halifax (who had a stopover in Boston) refused to leave, so they were later allowed to stay in Massachusetts.
May 29
The Edward finally arrived in Connecticut.  It had been blown off course to Antigua.
June 16
A ship of 50 Acadians coming from South Carolina reached the St. John River.
June 18
The Fanny Bovey arrived in Falmouth, England with 204 Acadians from Virginia.
June 19
The Virginia Packet arrived in Bristol, England with 289 Acadians from Virginia.
June 23
The Bobby Goodridge arrived in Portsmouth, England with 296 Acadians from Virginia and are sent to Southampton.
June 26
The Industry arrived in Liverpool, England with 243 Acadians from Virginia.
July 20
Seven boats of 99 Acadians (sailing up from the southern colonies) are arrested (as ordered by Lawrence) in Sandwich, MA and settled around Massachusetts the following month.
August 22
Another group of Acadians (78 on seven boats) sailing north from GA and SC are stopped (at Long Island, NY).  They are settled in New York several days later.
September 11
Gov. Shirley (MA) proclaims that all Acadians heading for Nova Scotia be stopped.
1758
August 17
Gabriel Rousseau de Villejouin surrenders Ile St. Jean to the English.
August 31
Five ships take 692 Acadians from Ile St. Jean to Louisbourg (arriving on September 4).
September 10
Two ships leave Louisbourg with Acadians bound for LaRochelle, France: the Richmond with 284 Acadians and the Britannia with 312 Acadians
September 27
The Mary leaves Louisbourg with 560 Ile St. Jean Acadians and heads for St. Malo, France.
October 20
Acadians at Pointe Prime, Ile St. Jean board the Duke William.
October 28
Acadians on Cap Sable board the Alexander II.
October 31
The Mary arrives with Ile St. Jean Acadians at Spithead, England after heavy losses.  The survivors are carried to Cherbourg, France on two ships one month later.
November 1
The Antelope and Duke William (carrying Ile St. Jean Acadians) arrive at St. Servan, France.
November 4
Several ships, including the Hind, leave to take Ile St. Jean Acadians to Louisbourg (arriving 10 days later).
November 6
68 Cap Sable Acadians reach Halifax and are sent to Le Havre, France after the beginning of the new year.
November 17
The Queen of Spain, carrying Ile St. Jean and Louisbourg residents, arrives at St. Servan.
November 25
Six ships leave Chedabouctour Bay with Ile St. Jean Acadians bound for France: Duke William, John and Samuel, Neptune, Ruby, Violet, Yarmouth, and one additional ship.
November 30
A ship from Louisbourg (with the first Acadians deported from Ile St. Jean) arrives in Cherbourg, France.
December 12
The Violet sinks with almost 300 Acadians on board.
December 13
The Duke William sinks with over 350 Acadians on board.  Four Acadians boarded the life raft and made it to Falmouth, England.
December 16
The Ruby sinks near Portugal.  190 of the 310 Ile St. Jean Acadians perish.
December 20
The Supply arrives at Bideford, England with Ile St. Jean & Louisbourg Acadians.  Some go to Bristol, but 140 of the 160 arrive at St. Malo on March 9.
December 26
179 of the Neptune passengers reached Boulogne-sur-Mer, France.  The ship had arrived at Portsmouth, England from Ile St. Jean in a bad state. 
1759
January 16
The Tamerlane arrives at St. Malo, France with 54 Ile St. Jean Acadians.
January 23
Five ships (John and Samuel, Mathias, Patience, Restoration, Yarmouth) arrive at St. Servan with almost 700 Ile St. Jean Acadians.
February 15
87 Acadians arrive at Cherbourg, France from Portsmouth, England aboard the Bird.  They had arrived in England on February 4 from the Acores Islands on the Santa Catarina after their ship, the Ruby, sank.
March 9
The Supply arrives at St. Malo, France with 140 Acadians.
June 29
152 Acadians from Cap Sable arrive in Halifax and are imprisoned on St. Georges Island.
November 10
The Mary leaves Halifax with Cap Sable Acadians bound for England.  When it arrives at the end of December it is sent on to Cherbourg, France and they disembark on January 14.
1762
August 18
Five ships take 600 Acadians to Boston, but they are refused and return to Halifax in mid-October
1763
February 10
The Treaty of Paris ends the Seven Years’ War.  Acadians being held in England are sent to France.  Most Acadians in the colonies and Nova Scotia (Halifax, Ft. Cumberland) head for Canada, France, French colonies, and Louisiana.
May 16
A group of Acadians in France head to Cayenne, Guyana to attempt a settlement there.
June 9
The Neptune takes 23 Acadians from France to Martinique.
Over the next several years, most of the Acadian movement is towards France, Canada and Louisiana.

 

Check Dr. Landry's article on the deportation ships for more information.

 



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