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Encyclopedia of Acadian Life:
Climate

   For the French who came to Acadia, there were some differences that they needed to adjust to.   Most of them had come from the northwestern quadrant of France.  Overall, the temperatures were 5 to 10 degrees below that of their former home; and the January temperatures were 15-20 below that of Europe.  Like their homeland, spring was cold and late, and autumn was warm and extended.  Snow cover began in December, though once in a while there was a green (or "English") Christmas. From late December to mid April, about 5-8 feet of snow fell, covering the land with 1-2 feet of snow during the period.  This was the biggest climatic difference from France.  Also, Acadia had more days of freezing weather. 
   There were 4-5 months of frost-free weather.  Annual precipitation was 40-60 inches a year, with 15-30 of it coming between May and October.  Monthly snowfall seldom was more than 6 inches. 
   The south coast was often foggy, but the Annapolis-Cornwallis valleys were more protected from fogs by North Mountain. It also sheltered some of the bitter NW winds in winter (just as Cobequid Mountain did for Minas Basin). 


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